Preserving Tribal Heritage: The role and responsibilities of THPOs

The Tribal Historic Preservation Office

Protecting/Repatriation: The THPO program locates, catalogs, restores and digitizes historical artifacts and Ancestral Human Remains affiliated with White Earth. The THPO is also involved in all aspects of the NAGPRA process, working closely with universities, museums and local and federal agencies.

The THPO provides the American Indian nations they represent an avenue to consult with federal agencies regarding projects that impact their historic properties. This is a required component of the Section 106 process.


The THPO program is an expression of the Tribe’s sovereignty to protect its cultural heritage and lands. THPOs are required to participate in Section 106 review of Federal undertakings that might impact historic resources and to develop policies and procedures for conducting archaeological surveys.

They also review and issue “Permit to Proceed” with ground disturbing activities and work to mitigate impacts to historical resources, especially those that may be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. They also provide guidance to local governments and agencies on historic preservation topics.

THPOs are required to consult with their Tribal Council and other departments, programs and agencies to carry out their functions. They also consult with Federal agencies to ensure that projects comply with the NHPA and are in accordance with tribal preservation laws. THPOs are also responsible for assisting with Native American Graves Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) cases and protecting burials. They also maintain a reference library of historic and cultural materials and an archival database.


In short, THPOs provide American Indian nations with an avenue for consulting with Federal agencies regarding historic properties on Tribal land. THPO’s also identify and nominate historically significant places to the National Register of Historic Places, enforce tribal and Federal preservation laws, and preserve traditional cultural properties.

Research history in identified significant geographic areas including the development of an inventory of archaeological sites and other resources. Prepare reports and business correspondences as needed. Interact with incorporated businesses, government agencies, state SHPO offices and other THPO’s to develop relationships for consultations and projects.

Work with today’s elders to record oral histories and knowledge of historical events and traditions that are at risk of being lost due to the decline in literacy and loss of heirlooms, recordings and written documentation. THPO’s are also responsible for reviewing Federal undertakings that may impact historic properties on Tribal, Allotted and Fee lands in accordance with Section 106 of the NHPA.


Under the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), federally recognized tribes can establish THPO programs and assume any or all of the functions of a State Historic Preservation Office on their tribal lands. There are more than 150 THPOs nationwide.

THPOs advise federal agencies on the management of historic properties, and assist with reviews of proposed projects that may affect them. These reviews are required by Section 106 of the NHPA and/or the regulations of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.

THPOs also consult with universities, museums and private individuals on the identification, evaluation and documentation of culturally significant properties. The THPO office also serves as the tribe’s point of contact on matters involving NAGPRA including securing the return and repatriation of Ancestral Human Remains. Other responsibilities include the monitoring of culturally significant geographic areas, writing reports and business correspondences and interacting with consulting incorporations and other THPO offices. THPOs are an extension of the sovereignty of the tribe and operate under the guidance of their THPO Advisory Boards.


THPOs are recognized by Federal agencies as having special expertise in historic preservation and cultural resources, often as part of their role in conducting NEPA analyses. They also play an important role in reviewing impacts on historic properties (places included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places) under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and the regulations of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.

The agency official shall identify the SHPO/THPO and any Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization that attaches religious and cultural significance to the historic properties likely to be affected by the undertaking prior to its completion, and consult with them on the effects of the undertaking and the means to avoid, minimize or mitigate such effects. The agency official shall notify the Council, the SHPO/THPO and the Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization of such consultations.

The THPO also assists with cases involving NAGPRA, working to recover Ancestral Human Remains and return them to their tribal families for reinterment or repatriation. THPOs are also responsible for developing and implementing their own procedures in response to emergencies, including disasters.

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Training in Historic Preservation: Building Research, Cultural Resource Management, Managing Historic Buildings, Managing Historic Sites, and Managing Archaeological Sites

Historic Preservation Training

Whether you are an architect, civil engineer, or simply interested in preservation, this carefully designed program will give you a solid foundation in historic preservation regulations and practice.

Instructor Dan Allen will guide participants on tools and strategies for researching buildings in NYC, including various repositories and document types.

Managing Cultural Resources

In the United States, cultural resource management refers to a complex set of regulations that define how historic buildings and sites are identified, considered for preservation, and affected by projects that might affect them. These regulations, based on Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, require a careful consultation process that usually results in mitigation measures to somehow offset adverse impacts.

HDC offers a range of courses to help you learn how to manage these kinds of processes. These classes are ideal for neighborhood activists, civic organizations, community boards and individuals who want to gain a broad knowledge of historic preservation theory and practice in New York City.

In our Preservation Studio, you’ll turn to real-world projects like creating a plan for an interpretive community garden in the South Bronx or proposing preservation policies to save affordable Manhattan tenement apartments. These projects will enable you to master the guiding principles, vocabulary and current issues of preservation practice in our region and state.

Managing Historic Buildings

Historic preservation training teaches you to work on, document, and preserve historic buildings, landscapes, and structures. You learn about preservation theory and practice, architectural and environmental history, conservation science, building trades and crafts, historical research, laws and regulations, planning and restoration techniques.

You’ll also be involved in real-world projects, turning you into a professional preservationist. Recent studios include green adaptive reuse plans for a South Bronx community garden, and preservation policies to save affordable Manhattan tenement apartments.

You’ll learn to develop and apply preservation strategies using digital tools. The course focuses on resources for identifying and researching buildings in NYC, and a session on the ubiquitous material terra cotta provides an opportunity to “scratch the surface” of this unique material’s use and history in our city. You’ll also complete a project on how to create a social media campaign and build a community of support for your organization’s mission.

Managing Historic Sites

Managing historic sites requires more than just understanding the technical aspects of preservation. It requires the ability to work with a range of stakeholders and a thorough knowledge of local history and government processes.

This course helps you develop the skills to participate in the management of historic buildings, districts, structures, landscapes, and archaeological sites. Topics include planning, design, legal issues, and community assessments.

In this Master of Design capstone studio students will complete a preservation project based on the research and documentation of a historic site. Fieldwork and project development will be supplemented with lectures, workshops, and exercises.

Learn to apply current guidance, policy, and best practices from the agency with oversight responsibility for Section 106 reviews of undertakings that could affect historic properties. Choose from classroom, webinar, and e-learning options taught by ACHP staff who lead such reviews daily nationwide.

Managing Archaeological Sites

Managing archaeological sites requires historic preservation training that incorporates the cultural and environmental sciences. This training includes understanding the context of a site, how to evaluate a project’s impact on it and how to work within legal regulations to protect heritage resources.

As preservationists we often have to be able to communicate our ideas about the value of historic buildings and sites to people outside our field. This often involves interacting with a variety of government agencies, community groups and individuals. Having skills in public speaking, writing and project management can help you manage the communication process.

Learn the fundamentals of Section 106 review and get hands-on experience in applying this regulatory framework to actual projects. Choose from classroom, webinar or e-learning options taught by ACHP staff members who manage Section 106 reviews daily nationwide.

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UMW Department of Historic Preservation: Exploring Cultural Resources and Career Opportunities

The UMW Department of Historic Preservation

Historic preservation encompasses the maintenance, conservation and advocacy of cultural resources. These may include structures, sites, objects and intangible heritage such as stories.

In this course students learn to document and analyze historic structures using computer applications for archival research, spatial analysis and drawing. Prerequisite HISP 205.

Study Abroad

The program explores the practical, ethical and philosophical issues that surround preservation practice through a variety of disciplines. In addition to the theoretical and analytical skills required by the program, substantial fieldwork or laboratory work is woven into most courses. This emphasis on interdisciplinary study is unique among preservation programs and is an important aspect of the department’s approach to the discipline.

The Simpson Library’s extensive collection of databases is an invaluable tool for research in historic preservation. Many are accessible through the search box on our homepage.

The HISP 405C, Professional Practice course, prepares students for the job-seeking process and provides an overview of the types of jobs available in the preservation profession. This class also includes an intensive, hands-on internship or field school experience. In addition, the office of global education can assist students in finding the best study abroad program for their educational and career objectives. Students can also visit the Simpson Library’s Travel Guides.


As one of the first undergraduate programs in America, the UMW Department of Historic Preservation offers students a unique combination of philosophical and practical skillsets, particularly in the discipline of cultural resource management. The program utilizes Fredericksburg’s rich historical resources as a learning laboratory where majors develop hands-on field experience through numerous documentation, architectural survey, archeology and museum studies projects.

Cody Youngblood, 2023-24 Jenrette Intern and an alumnus of the MSHP program, works on a historic house at the National Park Service’s Shelton House using infrared thermography to study its construction. The work enables her to create an accurate cost estimate for the restoration of Shelton House, which was badly damaged by shelling during the Civil War.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation offers internships in many areas including historic architecture, building forensics, preservation planning and museum studies. Learn more about these internships and apply by visiting the NTHTP Job Board.


A variety of scholarships are available through the Center for Historic Preservation. Some scholarships are specific to the field of Historic Preservation, while others provide general financial support for students.

The center also promotes and supports research at the local, state, national and international levels. It enhances student research opportunities by offering scholarships, facilitating internships and encouraging public participation in the field of historic preservation through lectures, workshops and seminars, exhibits and printed and electronic publications.

HISP 470, Historic Preservation Abroad, offers a five-week summer field school experience that teaches archaeological excavation, recording and interpretation. This is a great opportunity for students interested in an archaeological career or in pursuing a Masters or Doctorate degree. Applicants must be enrolled full-time and must be UMW majors to receive this scholarship. This award is based on annual donations from donors.

Career Opportunities

The study of historic preservation is an interdisciplinary field that relies on the tangible remains of human activity to examine the interrelationship between historical events and the ideas which inspired them. In addition to coursework, many students gain a broader understanding of the field through extra-curricular activities and special topics courses.

Historic preservation professionals work on a variety of projects and are stewards of America’s historic districts, buildings, sites, structures, and objects. They are responsible for planning, advocacy, interpretation, restoration, and cultural resource management.

Graduates of the HISP program are employed in public and private sectors, and find jobs with local governments and state agencies as well as with federal agencies such as the Department of the Interior (National Park Service and other divisions), Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the Department of Transportation, Department of Agriculture, and the Environmental Protection Agency. They also find employment with numerous independent firms and non-profit organizations. In the private sector, graduates are involved in project development, architectural conservation, consulting, specialized surveying and engineering services, and research.

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Unlock the World of NBA Basketball with NBA중계

The NBA, or the National Basketball Association, is a hub of high-flying athleticism, heart-stopping moments, and the pulse of basketball enthusiasts worldwide. The league, home to some of the most outstanding basketball talents, has been the birthplace of legends and the theater of dreams for fans and players alike. But for fans not within the immediate broadcast zones, catching these games live becomes a digital quest – one solved by NBA중계.

NBA중계, or NBA broadcasting, bridges the geographical divide, bringing the magic of the court to the screens of millions around the globe. It’s not just about watching a game; it’s an invitation to a community that speaks the universal language of basketball, a chance to witness history in the making, and to be part of a narrative larger than the game itself.

Whether a seasoned veteran who wishes to analyze every play or a new supporter drawn in by the allure of the sport, NBA중계 offers a seamless experience. With the advancement in technology, one can stream live games with just a click, all while engaging in discussions, accessing stats in real-time, and never missing a beat, dunk, or buzzer-beater.

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In conclusion, NBA중계 is the golden ticket to an immersive experience, no matter where in the world you might be. With options aplenty for high-quality broadcasting, fans can relish in the highs and lows of the season, together, united by their love for the game.


1. What is NBA중계?
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Discover the power of NBA중계 and allow it to transform your basketball watching experience.…

Major Playground: Where Safety Meets Excitement in Online Gaming

Venturing into the realm of 메이저놀이터, or in English, major playgrounds, it’s like stepping into an oasis of entertainment that caters to the thrill-seekers and casual browsers alike. It’s a digital expanse where excitement meets safety, blending the thrilling aspects of online gaming with the reassurance of secure platforms.

Imagine this: you’re about to dive into a game that promises not just fun but also the prospect of rewards—however, something holds you back, the whisper of online security concerns. Enter 메이저놀이터, the major playgrounds, standing like digital fortresses that promise an environment where your safety is given priority. Here, each click, each bet, each interaction is sheathed in layers of digital security measures. But why should you care?

Let’s paint a picture. You’re sitting comfortably behind your screen when suddenly you’re transported to a virtual world of boundless opportunities. You’re at the helm of your digital avatar, making choices, taking chances. But here’s the twist—you want to ensure that while you explore these virtual landscapes, your personal information stays locked away, safe from prying eyes. That’s where the concept of 메이저놀이터 shines, granting a shield to every user.

Now, you may question, “Do these major playgrounds compromise on the aspect of fun while bolstering their defenses?” The simple answer is, no. They weave intricate web of games and challenges that are as engaging as they are diverse. Whether it’s the rush of sports betting or the classic lure of casino games, the variety is spellbinding. Think of 메이저놀이터 as a grandiose fair where every game booth brims with promise and protection.

But how does one identify these bastions of online safety and fun? It’s simpler than one might expect. Signs are all around, from robust systems of verification to glowing reviews from fellow netizens who have traversed these playgrounds. To engage with a 메이저놀이터, looking for trust signals such as certification and endorsements from reputable entities can be akin to finding a trusted ally in a battlefield—vital and reassuring.

It’s important to consider what lies beneath the surface when choosing where to play. These aren’t your run-of-the-mill sites where you leave your digital footprints unguarded; they’re more akin to fortresses, where measures beyond the standard are implemented to ensure that your online adventure doesn’t turn into a cautionary tale.

In conclusion, diving into 메이저놀이터 is about embracing the adrenaline-pumping world of online entertainment without letting the shadow of doubt cloud your experience. It’s about playing hard but playing safe, a delicate balance that these platforms have mastered. As you venture into their robust yet thrilling domains, remember that in this digital playground, safety doesn’t eclipse fun—it enhances it.


1. What is 메이저놀이터?
메이저놀이터 translates to major playgrounds, a term often used to describe secure and well-established online gaming sites.

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Trustworthy 메이저놀이터 can be identified through their certification, security measures, user reviews, and industry reputation.

5. Do major playgrounds cater to all types of players?
메이저놀이터 caters to a wide range of players, from casual gamers to serious bettors, offering various games and betting levels to suit different preferences.…

The Importance of 안전사이트: Protecting Users and Their Data in the Digital World.

Online safety is increasingly vital in our connected world. When we tap into the cyberspace continuum, we often overlook the lurking variables of risk that dwell within. The topic at hand, 안전사이트 or “safe site,” is a cornerstone of responsible digital citizenship. It’s not just a concept; it’s a necessity in the virtual architecture of our daily interactions.

Think about it—a safe site is akin to a sanctuary in the wilderness of the internet. It’s a domain where the protocol of protection is more than an afterthought; it’s the bedrock of its existence. The importance of such sites cannot be overstressed, as they protect our personal information from insidious invaders and our devices from the malicious software that threaten the very integrity of our digital lives.

In this realm of 안전사이트, what strikes most is the complexity of maintaining this safety. It’s not just about strong passwords and secure connections, though they are part of the puzzle. It’s about a comprehensive shield, a digital fortress that encompasses everything from the code up to the user interface. It is about a dynamic defense that evolves with the threats, a system that is as robust as it is resilient.

Navigating this safe online harbor involves a dance with technology to the tune of privacy policies, terms of service, and a keen eye for the red flags of frauds and scams. You might wonder how to identify such an Olympus of cyber security. Look for the padlock icon next to the website’s address—it’s a simple indicator that you’re visiting a secure site. Moreover, check for ‘https’ in the URL, as this ‘s’ after the ‘http’ signifies that the connection between your browser and the website is encrypted. These are the markers of a digital alcove where safety is not an illusion but a tangible, palpable reality.

The structure of a secure online experience is no less than an art form—a collage of strict verification processes, encryption, data integrity checks, and an audience that’s educated in the nuances of digital safety. It’s in these hallowed cyber halls that you find the true sanctuary of safe online browsing.

Concluding, understanding the significance of 안전사이트 is fundamental for anyone traipsing through the digital savannas. It’s not just about safe browsing; it’s about cultivating an environment where every user can engage online without the looming shadow of digital threats.


1. What is an 안전사이트?
2. Why is a safe site important?
3. What are the indicators of a safe website?
4. How do safe sites protect users?
5. How can users contribute to online safety?


1. An 안전사이트 or “safe site” is an online environment that prioritizes the security of its users’ personal and financial information through stringent protective measures.

2. A safe site is important because it ensures the privacy and protection of users’ data from cyber threats such as hacking, phishing, and malware.

3. Indicators of a safe website include the presence of ‘https’ in the URL, a padlock icon next to the website’s address, privacy policy availability, and security certificates.

4. Safe sites protect users by utilizing encryption, secure sockets layer (SSL) certificates, data integrity checks, and regular security audits to prevent breaches and unauthorized access to sensitive information.

5. Users can contribute to online safety by using strong, unique passwords, enabling two-factor authentication, being vigilant for phishing attempts, updating their software regularly, and only sharing personal information on secure, reputable websites.

Visit 안전사이트 for a secure online experience.…

The Importance of Historic Preservation and Heritage Commission

RI Historic Preservation and Heritage Commission

Historic preservation is the stewardship of the past through the planning and management of buildings, sites, districts, and neighborhoods. It pays dividends in heritage tourism, tax credits, and quality of life.

Acting Director Emidy has worked in preservation for 22 years. He has experience in National Register project review, preservation management and advocacy.

Local Historic Districts

If you have watched a neighborhood change with new construction or seen your house painted a garish color and wished there was a law to stop it, you can understand the reason for local historic districts. Unlike the National Register of Historic Places, which simply recognizes the importance of a site or district, local districts usually have restrictions that limit alterations and demolition.

One way a local preservation commission protects historic districts is by acting as a design review board that requires owners to get a certificate of appropriateness before doing any work to their homes in a district. The rules vary from district to district, but are generally based on historic preservation standards and guidelines.

The best way to ensure people who live in a historic district know about the restrictions is through ongoing public education efforts. This can include educating real estate agents, adding district status to property listings, mailing listing notices with tax or water bills, forming neighborhood association “welcome committees” and other methods.

National Register Properties

The RIHP&HC surveys, nominates and protects historic buildings, districts, sites, structures and objects by: surveying and preparing National Register nominations; providing grants, loans, tax credits and education programs; reviewing Federally funded or licensed projects that affect archaeological resources; regulating exploration on state land; and implementing the cultural heritage provisions of the state’s Historic Preservation Act.

Properties that are listed in the National Register are evaluated based on their significance in culture, architecture, archaeology and engineering history in America. They may also be significant for their association with important events in American history and/or their association with a nationally recognized individual.

National Register properties are grouped into five general categories: district, site, structure and object. A building is any construction that provides shelter for human activities and can be either a commercial or residential structure. Examples include homes, libraries and theaters. A structure is a functional construction that serves a purpose other than shelter, such as a lighthouse or railroad car.

Advisory Services

The RI Historic Preservation and Heritage Commission provides advisory services to citizens, developers and local government in the preservation of Rhode Island’s historic resources. These include listing properties in the National Register of Historic Places, administering grants and loans for preservation projects, regulating construction in designated Historic Districts, certifying state tax credits, and developing heritage programming to educate citizens about the value and importance of our historic assets.

This non-profit organization promotes and protects Providence’s unique history through research, preservation, education, tours, lectures and other programs. Founded in 1822, RIHS is a private endowed membership organization.

DISCLAIMER: The listings in our Preservation Services Directory do not constitute an endorsement by Preserve RI. Clients are encouraged to request information about experience and fees from preservation service providers before hiring any entity. The information in this database was self-reported by the individuals and companies listed. Preserve RI has not verified the qualifications or professional licensure of any of these individuals or businesses.

Contact Us

Several recent studies have shown that preservation helps to revitalize neighborhoods and promote economic growth. For additional information please contact Commission staff. Meeting agendas and minutes for the Heritage Preservation Commission are available through our document management porthole.

The Rhode Island Historical Preservation and Heritage Commission (RIHPHC) operates a statewide historical preservation program that identifies and protects historic buildings, districts, archological sites, and develops and carries out programs to document, support, and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of the people of the state. Features information about the National Register of Historic Places, project review, survey and preservation research, grants, rehabilitation tax credits & loans and heritage programs.

RIHPHC has appointed Jeffrey Emidy as the new executive director. He has worked in historic preservation for 22 years and was previously at RIHPHC as an assistant and then as a project review coordinator and a Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer. Emidy holds a master’s degree in historic preservation from the University of New Hampshire.

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